Zwischen Tragfähigkeit und Konvivialität
Analytische Zugänge für eine Postwachstumsperspektive auf Technik
Keywords:GND, Postwachstumsökonomie, Technologie
AbstractThe degrowth debate is characterized by very different perspectives on the role and use of technology. On the one hand, some of the proponents of degrowth consider the techno-scientific paradigm to be part of the problem and envision a future post-growth society beyond technology, while at the same time rejecting the worldwide enthusiasm for technical solutions since these developments in their instrumental rationality imply domination over nature. Other degrowth advocates consider this one-sided view too simplistic and see technical solutions – provided that they are looked at in a new and critical way – as allies in the development towards a post-growth society. This article particularly focuses on two theoretical approaches that are fundamental to many disputes about technology in the degrowth discourse: a biophysical one that can be attributed to Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, and a sociopolitical or cultural one that goes back to social critics such as Ivan Illich, Jacques Ellul, and André Gorz. These are also linked to two concepts of the degrowth debate, that of viability and of conviviality.
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Articles in TATuP - Journal for Technology Assessment in Theory and Practice are published under the Creative Commons Licence CC BY 4.0.