Transition of scientific journals to Gold Open Access
Opportunity or risk for science?
The advent of the Internet gave rise to the expectation of open access to scientific knowledge and latest findings, which has been called for by the open access movement for the past 15 years. As yet, only one-third of scientific articles are available in open access archives or Open Access journals. Major publishers are in a stronger market position than ever. Alliances of scientific organizations now seek to achieve open access in licensing negotiations with publishers by overhauling the business model. Rather than charging for access, fees should be paid for publication. The article looks at potential risks to the open, unfettered publication of new scientific findings. Currently, three approaches are being pursued: (1) charging research institutions a flat publication fee to remove the burden from authors, (2) giving authors a choice between paid open access publication and free publication without open access, and (3) having the fees paid by authors and reimbursed by their institutions – which may imperil open and unrestricted publication, an effect that must be empirically analyzed.
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