Open Science between social structures and epistemic cultures
A Conceptual Complement from a Science Studies Perspective
This paper argues for a differentiated understanding of Open Science. It suggests two interpretations: as a comprehensive structural and a cultural phenomenon. In public and political debates, Open Science is often reduced to strategies of opening up the structures of the publication market to ensure open access to scientific journal articles. Yet, there are other structures that may form the notion of Open Science, for example, the social structures of the scientific community, which are closed for certain social groups as recent data impressively shows. Furthermore, Open Science is a cultural phenomenon. Drawing on the notion of “epistemic cultures”, this paper shows that Open Science is not a universal concept but is performed in quite different ways and has different meanings for different groups in the scientific community.
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